Happy 150th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln signing the Emancipation Proclamation!
“Like all great historical transformations, emancipation was a process, not a single event. It arose from many causes and was the work of many individuals. It began at the outset of the Civil War, when slaves sought refuge behind Union lines. It did not end until December 1865, with the ratification of the 13th Amendment, which irrevocably abolished slavery throughout the nation.”
Eric Foner, “The Emancipation of Abe Lincoln,” New York Times (January 1, 2013).