In the February 16, 1861 issue of The Illustrated London News the following two images appeared. Both depict moments from a slave auction in Richmond, Virginia. For decades before the Civil War, a lively internal slave trade flourished in the United States that transported hundreds of thousands of slaves from the older slave states to the growing cotton states. It separated innumerable slave families, often never to see each other again, which perhaps explains the worried body language of the young slave family on the auction block in the first illustration.
Fear of the trade would play a role in the efforts of slaves to use the Civil War to escape bondage, the first recorded instance of which was about a month after the publication date of the aforementioned images.
The above images can be found on the web at: http://www.slaveryimages.org, sponsored by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and the University of Virginia Library.